The Cabinet of South Africa’s government has called on members of the public to engage the National Health Insurance Bill (NHI Bill), which is currently before Parliament.
NHI Bill published for public engagement
The bill was released earlier this month by Parliament, paving the way for public participation and engagement on it.
“Once it is passed into law, the bill will give effect to universal access to healthcare to all citizens in our country, irrespective of their socio-economic background. This right is enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa,” Minister in the Presidency Jackson Mthembu said.
He was on Thursday briefing members of media on the outcomes of the Cabinet meeting that was held on Wednesday in Cape Town.
“Cabinet remains confident that the National Health Insurance will be implemented in a phased and responsible manner. An implementation plan will be developed and published once the bill is passed into law,” Mthembu said.
Objectives of the NHI Bill
The bill was signed off by Health Minister Dr. Zweli Mkhize and adopted by Cabinet in July.
Through the NHI, government seeks to fulfill its constitutional obligation to provide quality universal health care for all, as envisaged in Section 27 of the Constitution and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
Under the NHI, South African citizens, permanent residents, refugees, inmates, designated foreign nationals and all children will receive primary healthcare.
Primary healthcare centres such as clinics or general practitioners will be the first point of access to health care. Access to health care services will be free at the point of care.
The NHI aims to follow in the footsteps of countries such as Britain and Japan, which have also implemented their own equivalent.
Under the bill, medical aid schemes will gradually be phased out until they, as the main source of primary health care, ultimately cease to exist.
Medical aids will thus only be able to provide what is called complementary cover. The complementary cover will provide services that are not listed under the NHI such as cosmetic surgeries.
Housing Consumer Protection Bill
Cabinet has approved for the publication of the Housing Consumer Protection Bill of 2019 in the Government Gazette for public comment.
The bill repeals the current Housing Consumer Protection Measures Act, 1998 (Act 95 of 1998).
“This new legal framework will regulate homebuilders and developers; expand the protection to housing consumers; introduces effective enforcement tools and prescribes appropriate penalties/sanctions to deter non-compliance by home builders,” the Minister said.
The Bill also creates an enabling environment for new entrants into the homebuilding industry by introducing contractual provisions that ensure their sustainability in the market.
“Subsidy and social housing projects now fall within the ambit of the Bill, to ensure the protection of consumers in that segment of the housing market,” he said.
India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA) Fund Agreement
Cabinet has also approved for the submission of the India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA) Fund for the Alleviation of Poverty and Hunger (IBSA Fund Agreement) to Parliament for ratification.
The Minister said the IBSA Fund was created in 2004 to pioneer impact-driven and people-centred efforts for the promotion of South-South Cooperation.
“The fund has enabled South Africa to contribute meaningfully and substantively towards international efforts to alleviate extreme poverty and hunger in developing countries.
“It has also contributed successfully in promoting all the 17 SDGs in approximately twenty-one (21) partner countries,” he said.
The agreement is between the Government of the Republic of India, the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the Republic of South Africa.